SCOPE 4

FROM DEATH
TO ETERNITY

In this space we approach the funerary world, one of the most fascinating aspects of ancient Egypt for the general public, without a doubt. We will look at the journey that the deceased had to travel to reach the world of Osiris, the supreme divinity of the Afterlife, and thus, attain the desired eternal life.

VASO CANOPO Calcita / Baja Época (664-332 a. C.) / Kunsthistorisches Museum, Viena (nº inv.: 5186)

_SET OF FOUR CANOPIC JARS_
Travertine (Egyptian alabaster) / Late Period (664-332 BC)
Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden (no. inv. AAL 2a-d)

Eternity as the ultimate goal was the essential hope of Egyptian religious beliefs. The deceased could reach eternity after their death through certain elements, such as the papyri that collected funerary texts and illustrations from the Book of the Dead, but also through ushebtis: small figures in wood or faience that acted as servants of the deceased for the tasks that the gods required of them in the Afterlife.

We can admire various pieces that made up the grave goods: beautiful coffins or amulets, cartonnage, mummy bandages and masks, as well as different Canopic jars and a splendid collection of ushebtis.

To get closer to this infra-earthly world, the visitor can explore the replica of the tomb of Sennedjem (19th dynasty), whose original is located west of Luxor. This representation is completed by the model of the three pyramids built over the funerary chapel.

_COFFIN_
Polychrome plastered wood / Ptolemaic period (332-30 BC)
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna (inv. no. 9339)

REPOSACABEZAS Alabastro / Reino Antiguo, dinastía v (2498-2181 a. C.) / Museo Egizio, Turín (nº inv. S. 15701/2)

_HEADREST_
Travertine (Egyptian alabaster) / Old Kingdom, 5th Dynasty (2498-2181 BC)
Museo Egizio, Turin (inv. no. S. 15701/2)

Some of the indispensable elements to achieve the desired eternity were the Canopic jars, such as the ones displayed here, whose function was to preserve the viscera of the deceased. From the 19th and 20th Dynasties onwards, the Canopic jars became four in number, each one identified with the sons of Horus who acted as agents against destruction: Imsety, the human-headed god, protector of the liver; Hapi, the baboon-headed god, protector of the lungs; Duamutef, the jackal-headed god, which contained the stomach; Qebehsenuef, the falcon-headed god, guardian of the intestines.

All the objects gathered in this section were, for the Egyptians, tools for the afterlife, a destiny they faced trusting in the good work of the living, who would perform the ceremonies and offerings to guarantee their passage to the afterlife, until they were finally welcomed by the gods in the Kingdom of the West.

BEADED MUMMY MASKS Faience Height: 14 cm; width: 11 cm (both pieces) Third Intermediate Period-Late Period (1069-332 BC) Private collection

_BEADED MUMMY MASKS_
Faience / Third Intermediate Period-Late Period (1069-332 BC) / Private collection